Always more people talk about it and always more farmers adopt it. We are talking about organic farming. But what is that exactly? What are the characteristics that make farming organic?
First of all, it is important to know that the criterions to define it have been defined and are regulated by the European Commission at an international level by EC Reg. 834/07 and EC Reg. 889/08, while in Italy they are controlled by Ministerial Decree 220/95.
At the base of organic farming there’s the complete elimination of any chemical substance (such as fertilisers, weeding chemicals, pesticides and insecticides) and of any organism that has been genetically modified, that is OGMs. Indeed, the crop and the processes it undergoes must be completely natural, respecting the normal equilibrium of nature, seasons and atmospheric conditions in general.
These are simple rules, that don’t require any other precaution but that of being farmers in harmony with nature. This means to grow seasonal fruits and vegetables only, alternating on the same field crops of various kinds, allowing the ground to regenerate and always be at its best.
Another system particularly used in organic farming is that of planting bushes and trees that can be used as shelters and suitable natural habitats by insects, animals and birds that can help the farmer to protect their crop in a natural way, without using and chemical device.
Therefore, organic farming is a eco-compatible sort of farming, that does not alter the environment, on the contrary, it supports and strengthens it, using systems that are in perfect harmony with the eco-system.
This assures not only a better quality of the product, but also a better quality of life, of both the farmer, who works in a clean and eco-sustainable environment, and the consumer, who won’t ingest any chemical or genetically modified substance, feeding and strengthening the organism in a natural way.
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